Types of arrhythmia

The heart’s electrical system may sometimes not work as it should and cause abnormal heart rhythms, which are known as arrhythmias. When the heart is in arrhythmia, it may beat too quickly, too slowly, or in an irregular way.

Electrical conduction in the heart originates in the SA node and travels through the AV node to the ventricles, resulting in a heart beat

Tachycardia

An abnormally fast heart rhythm is called tachycardia. Common symptoms associated with tachycardia are palpitations, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, and even fainting spells. Sometimes tachycardias are so mild that they’re not even noticed; but some tachycardias may be life-threatening.

Most cases of tachycardia are due to an abnormal electrical pathway known as a re-entry circuit. When an electrical impulse gets into the pathway, it may start traveling in a loop, causing the heart to contract with each impulse through the pathway. As a result, the heart beats very rapidly.

Types of tachycardia that are most common among the general population include AV Nodal Re-entrant Tachycardia, accessory pathway tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and ventricular tachycardia.